You must have often heard the term disability and diffability. The fact that although it sounds the same, these two terms have different meanings. Both of these terms are currently used to replace the term with a disability to describe the condition of a person who cannot carry out activities like normal and healthy people.
This is because people with disabilities tend to sound rude, disrespectful, and condescending to sufferers. Therefore, the terms of diffability and disability exist to replace people with disabilities. These two terms have quite obvious differences in meaning. So as not to be mistaken in its mention, this is a difference in terms of disability and disability.
What is a disability?
Disability is a condition of activity limitation due to physical, intellectual, mental, or sensory limitations for an extended period. People with disabilities will experience obstacles and difficulties to participate fully and effectively with the surrounding environment based on equal rights.
There are four types of disabilities, namely:
- Physical disability: Amputation, paralysis, paraplegia, stroke, disability due to leprosy, cerebral palsy (CP).
- Intellectual disability: Down syndrome, cretinism, microcephaly, macrocephaly, and scaphoid.
- Mental disability: Schizophrenia, dementia, bipolar affective, mental retardation.
- Sensory disability: blind disability, hearing disability, and speech disability.
Understanding disability is indeed quite complex and illustrates the interaction between the movements of a person’s body with others in the surrounding environment.
For example, a person suffering from cerebral palsy (a muscular disorder) has difficulty walking and moving because his legs are stiff and feel tight. This condition is called a disability. However, this disability can be reduced by walking aids and also by physical therapy.
What is diffability?
In general, the term diffability is a more refined and polite form to describe the condition of someone who has a disability. Diffable is a condition of someone who has problems with the structure or organs of the body, such as disability, which results in functional limitations related to the activity of the sufferer. Diffable also refers more to a limited role in daily life in society.
For example, someone with cerebral palsy can still fulfill his role as a normal person. He can still be a student at school, a good citizen in the community, and a child at home, despite his physical limitations.
Due to physical therapy and with the help of assistive devices, his condition slowly improves and can move normally like friends and those around him. People with physical disabilities who play the role of normal people are called diffability.
Disability or diffability, which should be used?
It can be concluded that the terms disability and diffability both describe the condition of someone who has both physical and mental deficiencies. However, in terms of people with disabilities, it sounds more polite and refined to explain the condition of people who have limitations. By mentioning a person with a disability means describing the person is unable to carry out activities like normal people because of their limitations.
With the explanation of the terms between disability and diffability, it is hoped that others will not mention people with disabilities anymore. You also need to understand these two terms to show respect and not appear to humiliate people with disabilities. In addition, in everyday life, people with disabilities or disabilities also need to get facilities to facilitate their activities.