Water softeners deal well with hard water. Surprisingly, few people know how they work. Underground water is packed has a high mineral content that makes it hard. The minerals present do not pose any health risk to us however they can damage a lot of stuff at our homes. Water is also susceptible to contamination from pollutants. This makes it unfit for human consumption. As one of the many water softener reviews present online, this article details more on the subject. Here are some of the minerals present in hard water and what harm they bring.
Problems brought about by hard water
Calcium is the main mineral content in hard water. Hard water eases the effectiveness of soaps and detergents. Soap is incapable of dissolving completely in hard water when it combines with other minerals it forms coagulated soap curd instead. Hard water can clog your plumbing system. If you use it for showering, you might end up with dried hair or skin. The effects of hard water reduce the life span of your appliances. When used for laundry, your clothes end up looking dull and faded. The soap particles that are unable to dissolve in the hard water might stain every other piece of attire you wash. To soften hard water, you need to break down the calcium and magnesium compounds. This can be achieved through chemical treatment. Water softeners to are a common solution.
How do water softeners solve the minerals issue in hard water?
This mechanical appliance is attached to the main water supply system at your home. They exchange the hard minerals present in hard water by converting them into different compounds. The main mineral compound used to displace the calcium and magnesium radicals is sodium. The process is referred to as ion exchange.
A mineral tank filled with polystyrene beads is present within the water softener. The beads contained are resin or zeolite, and they are accompanied by a negative charge. Calcium and magnesium both carry positive charges. As a result, the magnesium and calcium will start to bead when they get hard water flows through.
The sodium ions introduced have a positive charge. Unfortunately,
their charge is way lower in the periodic table when compared to magnesium and calcium. A brine solution is then introduced to the tank. The solution contains the beads which are magnesium. The sodium ions present can wash the magnesium ions off your beads. The water softeners have a separate brine tank where common salt is the main component.
Phases during water softening
At first, the water flow is reversed to remove off the dirt particles from the tank. A second recharge phase relays concentrated sodium solution from this brine tank. Salt collects with the beads and in the process trading places with the magnesium and calcium. The latter is drained off. When the process is complete. Any extra brine gets flushed out from the tank and it’s refilled up.
Types of water softeners
The automatic regeneration appliance is very popular in most homes. There are also the basic appliances with electric timers which auto flush and recharge the entire system based on a pre-scheduled time frame. Other makes are the computerized and mechanical makes.