Persons with disabilities should be no different from others. They have the same rights as a society in general. In the midst of their limitations, people with disabilities are able to prove that they can also be successful as others. Quoted from www.disabilitycreditcanada.com, there are at least 16 world figures with disabilities or disabilities who have succeeded. These world figures …
Natural disasters often force people to flee. No matter what the conditions are, they must be in a safe and secure place. Including children with special needs, they should get a place that suits their needs. Parents with children with special needs should understand what their child’s needs are and pay attention to the conditions in the evacuation. The following …
You must have often heard the term disability and diffability. The fact that although it sounds the same, these two terms have different meanings. Both of these terms are currently used to replace the term with a disability to describe the condition of a person who cannot carry out activities like normal and healthy people.
This is because people with disabilities tend to sound rude, disrespectful, and condescending to sufferers. Therefore, the terms of diffability and disability exist to replace people with disabilities. These two terms have quite obvious differences in meaning. So as not to be mistaken in its mention, this is a difference in terms of disability and disability.
What is a disability?
Disability is a condition of activity limitation due to physical, intellectual, mental, or sensory limitations for an extended period. People with disabilities will experience obstacles and difficulties to participate fully and effectively with the surrounding environment based on equal rights.
There are four types of disabilities, namely:
- Physical disability: Amputation, paralysis, paraplegia, stroke, disability due to leprosy, cerebral palsy (CP).
- Intellectual disability: Down syndrome, cretinism, microcephaly, macrocephaly, and scaphoid.
- Mental disability: Schizophrenia, dementia, bipolar affective, mental retardation.
- Sensory disability: blind disability, hearing disability, and speech disability.
Understanding disability is indeed quite complex and illustrates the interaction between the movements of a person’s body with others in the surrounding environment.
For example, a person suffering from cerebral palsy (a muscular disorder) has difficulty walking and moving because his legs are stiff and feel tight. This condition is called a disability. However, this disability can be reduced by walking aids and also by physical therapy.
What is diffability?
In general, the term diffability is a more refined and polite form to describe the condition of someone who has a disability. Diffable is a condition of someone who has problems with the structure or organs of the body, such as disability, which results in functional limitations related to the activity of the sufferer. Diffable also refers more to a limited role in daily life in society.
For example, someone with cerebral palsy can still fulfill his role as a normal person. He can still be a student at school, a good citizen in the community, and a child at home, despite his physical limitations.
Due to physical therapy and with the help of assistive devices, his condition slowly improves and can move normally like friends and those around him. People with physical disabilities who play the role of normal people are called diffability.
Disability or diffability, which should be used?
It can be concluded that the terms disability and diffability both describe the condition of someone who has both physical and mental deficiencies. However, in terms of people with disabilities, it sounds more polite and refined to explain the condition of people who have limitations. By mentioning a person with a disability means describing the person is unable to carry out activities like normal people because of their limitations.
With the explanation of the terms between disability and diffability, it is hoped that others will not mention people with disabilities anymore. You also need to understand these two terms to show respect and not appear to humiliate people with disabilities. In addition, in everyday life, people with disabilities or disabilities also need to get facilities to facilitate their activities.
The issue of diffables is an interesting campaign material. In the United States, a number of politicians who would run for presidential candidates from the Democratic Party and the Republican Party raised the issue. The Democratic presidential candidate for the United States, for example, Senator Elizabeth Warrent, delivered a comprehensive policy for people with disabilities in the upcoming US elections. …
Based on our data, 15 percent of the total world population has a disability, both physically and mentally. That number is approximately equivalent to 1.1 billion people if we refer to the total world population currently in the range of 7.7 billion people.
Persons with disabilities who live side by side in the community are often underestimated and tend to be underestimated, for their inability to do certain things. It is this stigma or assumption, which then underlies the nature or wrong attitude of the community when interacting with people with disabilities.
Reporting from The Guardian, seven things should not be done or said to people with disabilities when meeting and interacting.
Call it brave
This statement is generally expressed when a person with a disability travels or does something alone without someone else’s company. For example, those who sit in wheelchairs and use public transportation alone, or a blind person who walks alone with his cane.
Never say, “How dare you?”
Why? Because that expression is the same as you discrediting the ability of a person with a disability and considers him too weak to do everything without the assistance of others.
Baby talk style
This baby talk style of speech is speaking slowly and slowly, sometimes also coupled with facial expressions and extra body language, with the intention that the interlocutors can more easily understand the sentences.
However, this should not be done to those who are deaf and use hearing aids.
Even without this style of speech, they can already understand what you are saying. Even if your sentence is unclear, they can ask you to speak more clearly, so that it can be received better.
So, stop communicating with hearing-impaired people using the baby talk conversation style.
Giving the wrong advice
Almost similar to the previous point, giving the wrong advice is also giving help without being asked. At this point, the help or advice offered by someone can be wrong, because they do not know exactly how the condition of the diffable.
For example, ordering a taxi for a blind person who is seen going to a place, even though the physically challenged person is heading to his car, and he has a driver waiting in the parking area.
Or at a banquet, ask the needs of a person with special needs to the friend who is next to him, because he thinks he cannot speak normally, or order a menu for himself though it is not necessarily true.
People who physically look imperfect, not mean defects in terms of communication, and so on. They are normal, like other perfect humans, and it’s just that they live differently with the limitations that exist in him.
Assume all people with disabilities are the same
Equating the views of all persons with disabilities is wrong. That is because each of them has different conditions, although both are seen as having no legs or cannot see, and so on.
As with normal people who have perfect limbs, although equally normal, but the situation of each person can not be equated.
Some people are obese, malnourished, and the strongest footstool is different, can not stand the cold, afraid of the dark, and so on.
So, expand your understanding of people with disabilities; blind people are not always about sunglasses and rattan canes.
Help without being asked
Never assist persons with disabilities without asking first. Your good intentions can be wrong because they unwittingly offend others.
Without your help, people with disabilities already have their own experience with their body condition, and they are accustomed to doing many things with imperfect conditions.
So when someone who has no hands feeds his mouth, he can do it himself, using his toes, for example.
In another case, when they ask you directly to help do something, it does not matter.
Define based on imperfections
What is physically visible cannot describe a person’s inner state and soul. The incomplete bodily or mental functions that a person has cannot be used to judge someone’s personality.
Existing physical disabilities can be inversely proportional to the enthusiasm, motivation, and inspiration that is in his mind.
They really can’t do everything perfectly, like normal people. However, there are many paths that they can take to make life far more meaningful and not as sad as what others see in themselves.
Every human being created by God is different from each other. In addition to being physically different, humans were also created with tribes and nationalities which were intended to enable people to get to know each other. Among the billions of people in this world, some people have disabilities, which are physical or mental disabilities or human disabilities. Problems or cases faced by people with disabilities are of various types.
Types of Disabilities or Disorders in Humans:
A blind person is a person who cannot see with his eyes. Blind people can have the ability to detect objects around them by maximizing their hearing ability through the sounds or vibrations they hear. Apart from total blindness, some people experience partial blindness who cannot identify the test to count the number of fingers from a distance of three meters.
People who are tuneless are people who have difficulties in self-control, such as problems with emotional control, difficult to get along, like to be alone, low self-confidence, like to do evil, ashamed to appear in public, and so forth. Also, people with disabilities in sound and tone are included in the barrel tuna group.
Deaf people are people who cannot hear as normal people in general. People who have hearing disabilities that have not been severe can still use hearing aids so that they can hear well again.
People with disabilities are people who have physical disabilities, bodily disabilities, disorders, damage, and so on, caused by brain damage, spinal cord damage, accidents, congenital disabilities, and so forth. The easiest example of a physically challenged person is a person whose hand has a stump, has a stubbed leg, is paralyzed, has a small leg, and so on. Read more: Don’t Do This to Disabilities
People who are mentally disabled are people who are mentally retarded so that they have a low level of intelligence below the average person in general. Mentally retarded characteristics can usually be seen from physical abnormalities and from abnormal behavior that is often shown in everyday life.
Double tuna people are people who have more than one disability. For example, such as people who have a stubborn hand at the same time experiencing permanent blindness, or people who are mentally retarded (idiots) as well as having a hearing impairment (deaf), and others.
Mute people are people who cannot talk to other people. People who are mute are usually caused by hearing problems since birth that are not detected, causing the child to have difficulty learning to speak normally. A person can also experience selective mute, which only becomes mute when dealing with certain situations and conditions.
I hope it is useful for all of us. More or less sorry, thank you.