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You must have often heard the term disability and diffability. The fact that although it sounds the same, these two terms have different meanings. Both of these terms are currently used to replace the term with a disability to describe the condition of a person who cannot carry out activities like normal and healthy people.
This is because people with disabilities tend to sound rude, disrespectful, and condescending to sufferers. Therefore, the terms of diffability and disability exist to replace people with disabilities. These two terms have quite obvious differences in meaning. So as not to be mistaken in its mention, this is a difference in terms of disability and disability.
What is a disability?
Disability is a condition of activity limitation due to physical, intellectual, mental, or sensory limitations for an extended period. People with disabilities will experience obstacles and difficulties to participate fully and effectively with the surrounding environment based on equal rights.
There are four types of disabilities, namely:
- Physical disability: Amputation, paralysis, paraplegia, stroke, disability due to leprosy, cerebral palsy (CP).
- Intellectual disability: Down syndrome, cretinism, microcephaly, macrocephaly, and scaphoid.
- Mental disability: Schizophrenia, dementia, bipolar affective, mental retardation.
- Sensory disability: blind disability, hearing disability, and speech disability.
Understanding disability is indeed quite complex and illustrates the interaction between the movements of a person’s body with others in the surrounding environment.
For example, a person suffering from cerebral palsy (a muscular disorder) has difficulty walking and moving because his legs are stiff and feel tight. This condition is called a disability. However, this disability can be reduced by walking aids and also by physical therapy.
What is diffability?
In general, the term diffability is a more refined and polite form to describe the condition of someone who has a disability. Diffable is a condition of someone who has problems with the structure or organs of the body, such as disability, which results in functional limitations related to the activity of the sufferer. Diffable also refers more to a limited role in daily life in society.
For example, someone with cerebral palsy can still fulfill his role as a normal person. He can still be a student at school, a good citizen in the community, and a child at home, despite his physical limitations.
Due to physical therapy and with the help of assistive devices, his condition slowly improves and can move normally like friends and those around him. People with physical disabilities who play the role of normal people are called diffability.
Disability or diffability, which should be used?
It can be concluded that the terms disability and diffability both describe the condition of someone who has both physical and mental deficiencies. However, in terms of people with disabilities, it sounds more polite and refined to explain the condition of people who have limitations. By mentioning a person with a disability means describing the person is unable to carry out activities like normal people because of their limitations.
With the explanation of the terms between disability and diffability, it is hoped that others will not mention people with disabilities anymore. You also need to understand these two terms to show respect and not appear to humiliate people with disabilities. In addition, in everyday life, people with disabilities or disabilities also need to get facilities to facilitate their activities.
President is a very honorable position. Being president is not easy. There are many requirements that must be had. However, it does not mean that people with disabilities are not able to occupy it.
Even a president has flaws, and a number of them are people with disabilities.
America is one of them, a country that was once led by a person with a disability. However, his leadership remains well-known throughout the world.
Here are 5 American presidents with disabilities, as quoted from inc.com.
George Washington was a general and statesman known as one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was the first president to serve from 1789 to 1797. He was born into a farming family. The father is a successful tobacco farmer in Virginia. His family is often called the landlord family. Before becoming the Number One Person in the US, Washington was a businessman and politician in Virginia. Despite all that, not many people know that George Washington had dyslexia, which is a disorder in the development of reading and writing or learning. But he tried to learn by himself to make up for his shortcomings. Washington has a motto “99% of failures come from those who make excuses”.
2. Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson is believed to have learning disabilities such as stuttering and dyslexia. Nevertheless, he did not give up and kept trying to study in his own library. While leading the US, he drafted a declaration of independence, known as the charter of human rights. He was listed as the third president of America and served two consecutive terms from 1801 to 1809. Prior to becoming president, Thomas Jefferson was a Member of the House of Representatives for the state of Virginia (1776-79), Governor of Virginia in 1779 successor to Patrick Henry, and was re-elected in 1780 but resigned in 1781 due to the British army’s attack on Virginia. During this time in office, he wrote a statute on religious freedom (The Statute of Religious Freedom). Even became the American Ambassador to France (1785-89) and Secretary of State under President George Washington in 1789.
3. James Madison
James Madison is known as the Father of the Constitution for his role in drafting and passing the United States constitution. During the war of 1812, he served as America’s fourth president. As President, James Madison was a strict interpreter, one who opposed the free interpretation of the Constitution. He succeeded in establishing excise taxes to protect US industry, building roads and canals throughout the country, and building a strong military organization. As an influential person in America, but Madison suffered from epilepsy during her lifetime.
4. Abraham Lincoln
Everyone knows that the 16th president of America was depressed so badly that it caused physical ailments to paralyze him. In fact, he is believed to have Marfan’s syndrome. Marfan’s syndrome is a disorder of the connective tissue of the body. However, these conditions did not stop him from being a lawyer, a member of the House of Representatives, and leading the country during the Civil War.
5. Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt suffered from nearsightedness and severe bronchial asthma, which stunted his physical growth. The illness he suffered was not a barrier to life. He lives a life as a boxer which eventually causes blindness in his eyes. Apart from being a hard life, he also loves nature and enjoys its beauty. Despite his illness, he was elected as the 26th president of the United States, who served twice from 1901 to 1909.
The issue of diffables is an interesting campaign material. In the United States, a number of politicians who would run for presidential candidates from the Democratic Party and the Republican Party raised the issue.
The Democratic presidential candidate for the United States, for example, Senator Elizabeth Warrent, delivered a comprehensive policy for people with disabilities in the upcoming US elections. For this policy, Warrent, who comes from Massachusetts, has the full support of voters with disabilities.
In his campaign, Warrent offers an integrated group cooperation scheme with various organizations of people with disabilities in America. “This candidate listens to the aspirations of people with disabilities,” said Rebecca Cokley, Director of The Disability Justice Initiative at the center of studies and funding for welfare improvement in America, as quoted in the New York Times, Friday, January 10, 2020.
Elizabeth Warrent has a teaching background in inclusive education. He is a politician who actively promotes equal teaching and learning activities for students with special needs with students without disabilities. Warrent also encourages students with disabilities to learn and mingle in public schools.
This new policy offer for people with disabilities was also campaigned by the former Cabinet Secretary in the Obama administration, Julián Castro. He raised the same campaign issue as Warrent. Julián Castro put forward the issue of empowering people with disabilities to advance to the political market in the United States. And in the end, Castro also supports the programs and policies offered by Warrent.
There is also former Pete Buttigieg, former mayor of South Bend, Indiana, who campaigned for comprehensive policies for people with disabilities. A politician who also offers a comprehensive policy for people with disabilities is Senator Amy Klobuchar from Minnesota.
He has submitted a funding proposal for community-based service programs and house-to-house social services. Klobuchar also proposed to improve accessibility for people with disabilities, such as the use of working tools and more communicative instructions.
Although many have campaigned for comprehensive policies for people with disabilities, not a single politician has offered a comprehensive social security policy. So far, people with disabilities in America have certain facilities and access in several fields. However, there are certain social security services that they do not receive as civilians in America.
Based on the US population census in 2019, the number of people with disabilities in this country reaches 20 percent or around 49.7 million people. The group classified as difable are those who experience a permanent disability condition and are over 5 years old.
International Disability Day is celebrated every 3 December. A month earlier, several countries also celebrated accessibility days, or access provided so that persons with disabilities could carry out activities equivalent to non-disabled people.
One country that celebrates disability and accessibility days in Australia. On 26-30 November 2018, the Australian government through Disability Employment Services or DES opened a special job fair for persons with disabilities.
In this activity, DES cooperates with a job vacancy provider named ETC. “Today accessibility is an initiative of the government by providing new perspectives to job providers to see the potential that can be extracted from people with disabilities,” said Billy Unsworth, ETC Program Manager, as quoted by macleayargus.com, Tuesday, November 13, 2018.
On the day of accessibility job, applicants do not need to bring a letter of application. Because the government, through this voluntary program, frees applicants to register with companies that provide jobs according to their abilities. In this job fair, there are also internships available for persons with disabilities who have just graduated from school.
The provision of a work quota is one of the mandates stated in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities of the United Nations Convention Right of People with Disability. More than 179 countries have ratified this convention, including Indonesia. As a form of ratification, in 2016, Indonesia has issued Law Number 8 of 2016 concerning Persons with Disabilities.
One commitment to the issuance of this law is the provision of work quotas for persons with disabilities, both by private companies and the government. There is a minimum quota limit for providing vacancies, which is 1 percent for private companies and 2 percent for government business entities.
Workability, Work Channels for Persons with Disabilities
The number of labor distribution agencies in Indonesia is quite large. However, there are only a few employment agencies that choose the segment of workers with disabilities. From a handful of companies, the name Cooperation is quite popular among the disabled community.
This work distribution agency based in Yogyakarta was formed in 2014 based on the CEO’s Initiative, Rubby Emir, and several colleagues with the background of NGO work experience. “At the beginning of the formation, we held focus group discussions with several disabled communities in Malang, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Jakarta to find out what they needed when looking for work,” Rubby said when contacted by Tempo, Tuesday, October 15, 2018.
At that time, several questions were raised in focus group discussions. The questions include, what types of disabilities do job applicants have, what tools a prospective job applicant needs if they are accepted to work in a company, as well as the accessibility requirements for job applicants to get to the workplace. “Departing from this question, Cooperation is formed,” Rubby said.
Work is an online platform that accepts applications for employment of people with disabilities from all over Indonesia. To date, there are more than 9,000 persons with disabilities who have uploaded job application letters on the worksite. Around 250 persons with disabilities have found employment after uploading their job application letters and curriculum vitae through Workability.
According to Rubby, there are 1,500 companies from various business sectors that are registered as Workers. “Employers in Cooperation are divided into two, namely based on the business sector and business scale,” Rubby said. The types of companies such as banking, retail, hospitality, and middle management are the most.
In terms of job seekers, Jobability has an almost equal number of clients from all types of disabilities. They are starting from a variety of sensory disabilities such as blind and deaf, as well as physical disabilities. “Cooperation also opens work channels for friends with disabilities with certain specialists. For example, many blind friends can message,” Rubby said.
Prospective applicants can upload personal data, educational background, as well as the abilities or specializations held at workability.com. Rubby said that no fees were collected when uploading job application letters. There is also no limit on the level of education of persons with disabilities as job seekers.
Before sending personal data and job application letters, prospective applicants with disabilities must have an electronic mail account and be able to use the internet. “Regarding the specific classification, we leave it to the employment providers. Later they choose, as well as make an assessment,” Rubby said.
Based on our data, 15 percent of the total world population has a disability, both physically and mentally. That number is approximately equivalent to 1.1 billion people if we refer to the total world population currently in the range of 7.7 billion people.
Persons with disabilities who live side by side in the community are often underestimated and tend to be underestimated, for their inability to do certain things. It is this stigma or assumption, which then underlies the nature or wrong attitude of the community when interacting with people with disabilities.
Reporting from The Guardian, seven things should not be done or said to people with disabilities when meeting and interacting.
Call it brave
This statement is generally expressed when a person with a disability travels or does something alone without someone else’s company. For example, those who sit in wheelchairs and use public transportation alone, or a blind person who walks alone with his cane.
Never say, “How dare you?”
Why? Because that expression is the same as you discrediting the ability of a person with a disability and considers him too weak to do everything without the assistance of others.
Baby talk style
This baby talk style of speech is speaking slowly and slowly, sometimes also coupled with facial expressions and extra body language, with the intention that the interlocutors can more easily understand the sentences.
However, this should not be done to those who are deaf and use hearing aids.
Even without this style of speech, they can already understand what you are saying. Even if your sentence is unclear, they can ask you to speak more clearly, so that it can be received better.
So, stop communicating with hearing-impaired people using the baby talk conversation style.
Giving the wrong advice
Almost similar to the previous point, giving the wrong advice is also giving help without being asked. At this point, the help or advice offered by someone can be wrong, because they do not know exactly how the condition of the diffable.
For example, ordering a taxi for a blind person who is seen going to a place, even though the physically challenged person is heading to his car, and he has a driver waiting in the parking area.
Or at a banquet, ask the needs of a person with special needs to the friend who is next to him, because he thinks he cannot speak normally, or order a menu for himself though it is not necessarily true.
People who physically look imperfect, not mean defects in terms of communication, and so on. They are normal, like other perfect humans, and it’s just that they live differently with the limitations that exist in him.
Assume all people with disabilities are the same
Equating the views of all persons with disabilities is wrong. That is because each of them has different conditions, although both are seen as having no legs or cannot see, and so on.
As with normal people who have perfect limbs, although equally normal, but the situation of each person can not be equated.
Some people are obese, malnourished, and the strongest footstool is different, can not stand the cold, afraid of the dark, and so on.
So, expand your understanding of people with disabilities; blind people are not always about sunglasses and rattan canes.
Help without being asked
Never assist persons with disabilities without asking first. Your good intentions can be wrong because they unwittingly offend others.
Without your help, people with disabilities already have their own experience with their body condition, and they are accustomed to doing many things with imperfect conditions.
So when someone who has no hands feeds his mouth, he can do it himself, using his toes, for example.
In another case, when they ask you directly to help do something, it does not matter.
Define based on imperfections
What is physically visible cannot describe a person’s inner state and soul. The incomplete bodily or mental functions that a person has cannot be used to judge someone’s personality.
Existing physical disabilities can be inversely proportional to the enthusiasm, motivation, and inspiration that is in his mind.
They really can’t do everything perfectly, like normal people. However, there are many paths that they can take to make life far more meaningful and not as sad as what others see in themselves.
Every human being created by God is different from each other. In addition to being physically different, humans were also created with tribes and nationalities which were intended to enable people to get to know each other. Among the billions of people in this world, some people have disabilities, which are physical or mental disabilities or human disabilities. Problems or cases faced by people with disabilities are of various types.
Types of Disabilities or Disorders in Humans:
A blind person is a person who cannot see with his eyes. Blind people can have the ability to detect objects around them by maximizing their hearing ability through the sounds or vibrations they hear. Apart from total blindness, some people experience partial blindness who cannot identify the test to count the number of fingers from a distance of three meters.
People who are tuneless are people who have difficulties in self-control, such as problems with emotional control, difficult to get along, like to be alone, low self-confidence, like to do evil, ashamed to appear in public, and so forth. Also, people with disabilities in sound and tone are included in the barrel tuna group.
Deaf people are people who cannot hear as normal people in general. People who have hearing disabilities that have not been severe can still use hearing aids so that they can hear well again.
People with disabilities are people who have physical disabilities, bodily disabilities, disorders, damage, and so on, caused by brain damage, spinal cord damage, accidents, congenital disabilities, and so forth. The easiest example of a physically challenged person is a person whose hand has a stump, has a stubbed leg, is paralyzed, has a small leg, and so on. Read more: Don’t Do This to Disabilities
People who are mentally disabled are people who are mentally retarded so that they have a low level of intelligence below the average person in general. Mentally retarded characteristics can usually be seen from physical abnormalities and from abnormal behavior that is often shown in everyday life.
Double tuna people are people who have more than one disability. For example, such as people who have a stubborn hand at the same time experiencing permanent blindness, or people who are mentally retarded (idiots) as well as having a hearing impairment (deaf), and others.
Mute people are people who cannot talk to other people. People who are mute are usually caused by hearing problems since birth that are not detected, causing the child to have difficulty learning to speak normally. A person can also experience selective mute, which only becomes mute when dealing with certain situations and conditions.
I hope it is useful for all of us. More or less sorry, thank you.
Everyone will want to be born perfectly even though sometimes fate says otherwise. Some are born with complete body parts but have a lack of function. There are also those who are born with physical disabilities but have many advantages. They are people who are the same as all of us, even though they sometimes experience discrimination.
That is why every December 3 is always celebrated as a day for the disabled. The day when they all voiced rights that were sometimes not given and demanded equality with people who were considered more normal.
So, can a person with a disability do nothing? The answer is no. Lots of people with disabilities have achievements. As done by these seven disability figures. Amid the shortcomings that exist in their lives, they continue to spirit until finally able to inspire many people!
Anthony Robles (American)
Anthony Robles is a professional wrestler who is currently 27 years old. Despite only having one foot, Anthony was able to fight against a lot of enemies. Imagine, a wrestler who needs extra strength must fight with one hand and win. Isn’t that great?
For his actions that were able to defeat normal wrestlers, Anthony was awarded in 2012 as the Most Courageous Athlete Award. At this time, Anthony filled a lot of motivational seminars to keep many people with physical deficiencies in the spirit of living life.
Nick Vujicic (Australia)
Nick Vujicic is an Australian who, since birth, has neither hands nor feet. He suffered from Tetra-amelia Syndrome, which makes the body parts to move can not grow. Since childhood, Nick always gets a lot of pressure, both from within himself, parents, to the school environment. But this gradually vanished because Nick could live independently despite his many shortcomings.
Nick finally managed to complete all his studies at university. After that, he likes to give motivational seminars to a lot of people around the world. Even today, there are more than 25 countries that he has visited. He also founded a non-profit organization that focuses on the development of people with disabilities so that they can remain motivated and independent.
No one in this world doesn’t know Stevie Wonder. He is a singer who is very talented from childhood despite having limitations. Stevie has been blind since she was little, so she could not do anything. But apparently, he has talent in the field of singing until his family told him to music lessons. And boom! Since its appearance, Stevie immediately became an idol of many people.
Although blind, he is very good at music. He can play a variety of different musical instruments. Its limitations in seeing make it more sensitive in sound. Stevie Wonder, until now, has had more than 25 albums. He has also won a Grammy Award more than 20 times. An achievement that is difficult to be equaled by other musicians who have limitations on the body.
Tony Melendez (Nicaragua)
Tony Melendez is a musician who is great even though he doesn’t have two hands. He can play his guitar beautifully despite using two legs. One of Tony Melendez’s most beautiful performances was when he played the song in front of Pope Jonathan Paul II in 1987. Since then, he has continued to carry out his musical talent despite his shortcomings to keep him going.
Tony Melendez was not only able to play the guitar alone. He was also able to sing very well and create all his songs. Besides that, Tony also has a banda who always performs in many places while spreading motivation to everyone throughout the world. He wants to prove that everyone can do positive things despite their physical shortcomings.
The four people above are only a few examples. Also, there are many people with disabilities and disabilities but can live a life far better than perfect. Even inspire many people. That is why we should never underestimate those who have deficiencies in the body. It could be that they are more potent than all of us!